Caretta Caretta Sea turtles are among the species endangered according to IUCN (International Nature Conservation Union) criteria. The reason they are listed in the “red list” is that they have been reduced by at least 50% of the annual number of female nesting in the last three generations. If no measures are taken, these creatures, like dinosaurs, can be consumed in the wild. It is estimated that only 60,000 and 200,000 in the world, respectively, and only 2,000 and 300,500 Caretta caretta and Chelonia mydas female individuals in the Mediterranean are left. There are eight types of sea turtles that are presently living in the whole world, spreading generally in tropical and subtropical coasts. Two of these species, Caretta caretta (turtle or sea turtle) and Chelonia mydas (southern turtle or green turtle) enter the Mediterranean to nest in particular. They can also visit various Mediterranean coasts for wintering and feeding. But mostly they prefer to nest at the coast of Turkey. More than 60% of all nesting areas in the Mediterranean is located in Turkey. Particularly preferred tadpole turtle while Turkey’s western coast, while green turtles Alata, Boiler, makes Akyatan and Samandağ Kumsalıarı slot. Although the sea turtles are not fully known yet, we can summarize the general life stories as follows: Sea turtles have taken this name because they lived in the sea; they will not land. But only their females go on land to make a home. Martyrs on the Hatay coast are mating in March-May, nesting seasons between June and August. From August to October, the pups complete their incubation period and head towards the sea. After mating near the nesting habitat, men leave if the mating areas are not feeding and wintering areas at the same time. After the weather is over, the dentists go out to the shore and try to find a suitable nesting area, if they can not find it, or light, sound etc. If they get in the way, they return to the sea without nesting. Teeth repeat this operation several times at a time, and a female can make 2-3 sockets at a time.
Hard-to-nest, labor-demanding face The female turtle with its giant stomach up to the face kilograma leaves the sand on the sand in the darkness of the night and comes out quietly. First dig out a trunk pit using the front and back members, then create the egg pit using only the back members. The depth of the egg pit dug by the caretta caretta individuals may be about 4055 cm, while the depth of the egg pit dug by the Chelonia mydas individuals may be about 70-S0 cm. Later on, 3-4 eggs each time with an obstructive liquid on the egg pit. The dogs wield the sand to smell the smell of this liquor, which is attractive to foxes, and then leave the beach after being sure that they care for the nest.
The incubation period lasts about 50-60 days. After completing this period, the baby turtles leave the nest hole and the reflections of the light are directed towards the sea. There are dozens of dangers waiting for them. Animals like crabs, foxes, dogs can hunt their young. If there are settlements on the beach, the reflected light from them can direct them to the wrong side. There are also hazards waiting for the cubs that have managed to reach the sea. Some fish are fed with them, they may feed birds from near-surface flukes. It is estimated that one of the offspring of a beach can reach only the one where one can reach the sexual maturity and give birth to the offspring.